According to a October, 2023 report by the Congressional Research Service, there are 46.2 million foreign born persons in the U.S.
Legal resident non-immigrants — Normally about 9 – 10 million, decline drastically under Trump, in 2022 back up to 6.8 million. In 2019, there were 1.4 million persons with work visas, such as H-1B workers and temporary farm workers (H-2B and H-2A). Students are included here, about 950,000 (a figure not provided in the CRS report. It is not clear in the CRS report how foreigners here on temporary non work visits, such as family visits and tourism, that do not involve the need for a visa, are here. This is one of several cases of gaps in data.
Green card holders (Lawful Permanent Residents) – 12.9 million in 2022.
Naturalized citizens – 24.5 million
Unauthorized persons – between 10.3 and 11.3 million. The CRS includes in this figure DACA beneficiaries (579, 000) and TPS (Temporary Protected Status) 611,000, as of March 2023. The last figure has almost certainly increased since March. Regarding humanitarian parole benefiaries, CRS says that the government does not have a figure for the number in the country (!).
Asylum applicants subject to deportation, case pending – in FY 22, Customs and Border Protection released 780,000 persons in this category, and in the first 11 months of F23 764,000. Some of these are covered by TPS or parole. Here again, an unduplicated count is not available.