From the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation:
Statistics Canada reports that 8.3 million people, or 23 per cent of the population, are foreign born, topping the previous record of 22.3 per cent in 1921. 14% of American residents are foreign born.
Immigrants and permanent residents now make up a larger share of Canada’s population than they do in any other G7 country.
Canada’s population grew by 5.4 per cent from 2016 to 2021. New immigrants accounted for 71.1 per cent of that growth. The U.S. grew by 2.7% in those years; 14% was due to the growth in foreign born; growth would have been much higher had immigration not slowed down greatly.
(American Community Survey data here.)
From 2016 to 2021, immigrants accounted for four-fifths of Canada’s labour force growth. The U.S. workforce growth is almost entirely due to immigration, although this is not evident during the few years of immigration decline. (Go here and here).
Between 2016 and 2021, 218,430 new refugees were admitted to Canada as permanent residents. About the same number of refugees were admitted to the U.S, with eight times the total population. (Go here.)