A “digital nomad” is some one working remotely who, instead of, say, working in Park City, CA for her company headquartered in Philadelphia, decides to work remotely out of another country. The Migration Policy Institute reports how some countries are incorporating digital nomads into their temporary visa programs. Most countries appear to do this as a nuance to tourist visas.
There are companies (such as here) which are in the business of arranging for temporary work locations outside the U.S.
Costa Rica: A short term visa for remote workers or service providers foreign nationals who are employed by a company outside Costa Rica or provide services to entities outside Costa Rica. A one year visa, with option to extend for one additional year. Proof of monthly income of at least $3,000 for an individual or $4,000 for applicant independence.
Greece: A digital nomad visa for foreign nationals who are self-employed or employed by a company outside Greece. Up to one year, with option to renew for up to three years. Proof of monthly income of €3500.
The report concludes: There is a strong case for government to introduce more flexibility into their immigration policies for all categories of remote workers. Policymakers should consider taking a more permissive stance toward occasional remote work by foreign workers unemployment visas as this becomes a more common feature of the labor market