Thanks for Jeremy Neufield of the Niskanen Center I have estimates of the participation of immigrants in some major essential industries. This posting shows immigration participation by industry. An earlier posting showed participation by selected occupations.
The shares for six essential industries: Grocery, convenience, and drug stores (“groceries”) 16.4%, public transit 15.9%, Trucking, warehouse and postal services (“trans”) 18.5%, Building cleaning services (“building”), 38.1%, and Childcare and social services (“childcare”), 17.9%. Overall immigrants make up 18% of the labor force and 18.2% of the essential labor force.
In addition, Immigrants comprise half of front lines workers at meat processing plants, most have less than high school or high school education, and perhaps a half have less than proficient English.